Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infantschildren, and adolescents. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends people be under pediatric care through the age of 21[1][2](though usually only minors are required to be under pediatric care). In the United Kingdom, pediatrics covers patients until age 18.[3] A medical doctor who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician, or paediatrician. The word pediatrics and its cognates mean "healer of children"; they derive from two Greek words: παῖς (pais "child") and ἰατρός (iatros "doctor, healer"). Pediatricians work in hospitals, particularly those working in its subspecialties (e.g. neonatology), and as outpatient primary care physicians.